Li Zhanshu, executive chairperson of the presidium of the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC), presides over the 11th meeting of the presidium at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, March 19, 2018. (Xinhua/Xie Huanchi)

BEIJING – The presidium of the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) decided to put several important documents, including the government work report, for vote Tuesday.

The decision was made at the presidium’s 11th meeting Monday afternoon, presided over by Li Zhanshu, the presidium’s executive chairman.

Six other documents will also be voted. They include the draft supervision law, the report on the national economic and social development plan, the report on the central and local budgets, and the work reports of the 12th NPC Standing Committee, the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate.

Before the presidium meeting, executive chairpersons held their eighth meeting, also chaired by Li.

The first session of the 13th NPC will conclude Tuesday morning.

The new lineup of China’s State Council were nominated by Premier Li Keqiang in Beijing on Monday.

Han Zheng, Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua and Liu He were nominated vice-premiers, with Wei Fenghe, Wang Yong, Wang Yi, Xiao Jie and Zhao Kezhi state councilors. Xiao Jie was also nominated secretary-general of the State Council.

Li also nominated ministers, governor of the central bank and auditor-general.

The following is the list of the newly nominated officials:

— Wang Yi, minister of foreign affairs;

— Wei Fenghe, minister of national defense;

— He Lifeng, head of the National Development and Reform Commission;

— Chen Baosheng, minister of education;

— Wang Zhigang, minister of science and technology;

— Miao Wei, minister of industry and information technology;

— Bater, head of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission;

— Zhao Kezhi, minister of public security;

— Chen Wenqing, minister of state security;

— Huang Shuxian, minister of civil affairs;

— Fu Zhenghua, minister of justice;

— Liu Kun, minister of finance;

— Zhang Jinan, minister of human resources and social security;

— Lu Hao, minister of natural resources;

— Li Ganjie, minister of ecological environment;

— Wang Menghui, minister of housing and urban-rural development;

— Li Xiaopeng, minister of transport;

— E Jingping, minister of water resources;

— Han Changfu, minister of agriculture and rural affairs;

— Zhong Shan, minister of commerce;

— Luo Shugang, minister of culture and tourism;

— Ma Xiaowei, head of National Health Commission;

— Sun Shaocheng, minister of veterans affairs;

— Wang Yupu, minister of emergency management;

— Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China;

— Hu Zejun, auditor-general of the National Audit Office.

SHENYANG – Tang Yijun was elected governor of northeast China’s Liaoning province on Wednesday.

The election was held at the first session of the 13th Liaoning Provincial People’s Congress.

Tang was born in 1961 in Juxian County in East China’s Shandong province. He was appointed vice governor and acting governor of Liaoning in October 2017.

The Ministry of Science and Technology will be restructured to absorb the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, if a plan unveiled on Tuesday is approved.

The ministry would be in charge of introducing brainpower from abroad.

The plan was released by State Councilor Wang Yong at a plenary meeting of the ongoing session of the 13th National People’s Congress.

The merger aims to better implement China’s strategy of invigorating the country through science, education and talent improvement, as well as its innovation-driven development strategy, Wang said.

Under the plan, supervision of the National Natural Science Foundation of China would be handed to the ministry, which would then draft strategic innovation-driven development guidelines and science-related policies while coordinating research in fundamental areas and overseeing major programs.

Also, the ministry would lead efforts to build a national-level management platform for science and technology as well as a procedure to coordinate, assess and oversee program funding.

Wang said the integration will boost innovation, optimize the allocation of scientific and technological resources and promote team-building in high-end scientific and technological talent pools.

In another development, China plans to restructure the State Intellectual Property Office to boost protection of intellectual property rights. That plan was also issued on Tuesday.

The office, if approved, would incorporate some of the functions of the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine.

The proposed merger aims to solve problems such as separate administrations and overlapping law enforcement tasks involving trademarks and patents, the plan said.

It also aims to strengthen the creation, protection and application of IPR, and represents a major effort to gear up the process of making China a country of innovators.

The proposed new agency would be responsible for facilitating the construction of an IPR protection system and the registration and administrative adjudication of disputes involving trademarks and patents.

China is willing to better synergize its development plan with Cambodia and jointly build the Belt and Road Initiative to further consolidate cooperation on key projects of industrial capacity and investment, Premier Li Keqiang said.

Li spoke as he met with his Cambodian counterpart Hun Sen in Phnom Penh on Thursday.

The two leaders witnessed the signing of 19 documents on political cooperation, trade, medical and health services, agriculture and education.

China stands ready to provide help within its capacity to Cambodia, especially in developing its economy and improving people’s lives, to work hand in hand with the country for a community of a shared future, Li said.

He said China is ready to further work with Cambodia in building special economic zones, transportation infrastructure, agricultural products and processing, as well as tourism.

A joint statement was released in which both countries agreed to enhance high-level exchanges and strategic communication and make full use of the China-Cambodia Intergovernmental Coordination Committee to chart bilateral cooperation.

Friendly cooperation has brought tangible benefits to the two peoples and the whole region, Li said, adding that China is willing to work closely with Cambodia under the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation mechanism and China-ASEAN framework to contribute to regional prosperity.

Hun Sen said China has been a good friend and cooperative partner, and he believes Li’s visit, taking place in the 60th year of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the nations, will further consolidate Sino-Cambodian ties.

Furthering ties with China is the consensus of the people of Cambodia, Hun Sen told Li. He said Cambodia is satisfied with the current progress of key projects between the two countries in building roads, bridges, industrial parks and harbors. Li also met with Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni on Thursday.

Li arrived in Beijing late on Thursday after a two-day visit to Cambodia, during which he attended the second LMC Leaders’ Meeting and made an official visit to the country.

China’s ambassador to Cambodia, Xiong Bo, said as of October, China was the top source of foreign investment for Cambodia, with agreed investment of $12.57 billion.

BEIJING — A People’s Daily article has stressed that the proposal on amendments to China’s Constitution will ensure the long-term stability of the Party and the country.

The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee made public its proposal on amendments to China’s Constitution on Feb. 25.

The article, which was published Thursday in the CPC flagship newspaper, said the proposal has made a series of major institutional designs, including adherence to Party leadership, oath of allegiance to the Constitution and establishment of supervisory commissions, with the aim of improving the leadership system of the Party and the country, and modernizing China’s system and capacity for governance.

A sentence reading “the CPC leadership is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics” was proposed to be added into the Constitution.

Writing the sentence into the general principles of the Constitution will provide fundamental institutional guarantees for upholding and strengthening overall Party leadership, said the article.

“The leading status of the CPC was established over the long-term practice of leading Chinese people to strive in revolution, construction, and reform. It was the choice of the people and history,” it added.

It went on to note that listing the supervisory commissions as a new type of state organ in the Constitution will lay a solid foundation for establishing a centralized, unified, authoritative and efficient oversight system.

“The establishment of supervisory commissions as state organs is a major institutional design to ensure that the fight against corruption goes deep,” said the article.

China has been busy drafting a market-oriented reform package that will go over and above what the rest of the world expects, a senior Chinese official said at the annual World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

Liu He, a member of the Political Bureau of Communist Party of China Central Committee, said the changes will go beyond “the expectations of the international community”.

The reform package “will be announced when it marks the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up,” Liu said, addressing the forum’s plenary meeting on Wednesday.

Liu said there is no doubt that China will advance reform and opening-up at a faster pace because it is the very reason behind China’s robust growth over the past four decades.

“And it will remain the key driving force to achieve China’s quality growth in the future,” said Liu, a leading economic policy adviser who was elected as member of the Political Bureau in October.

Business leaders and experts, meanwhile, said the reforms are expected to benefit the rest of the world to help materialize President Xi Jinping’s proposal of creating a community of a shared future for mankind.

Liu said China will continue to let the market play a decisive role in resource allocation and will focus on better protection of property rights, especially intellectual property rights. It also will fully encourage entrepreneurship and competition and oppose monopolies, he said.

Liu said China will open wider to the world “across the board, with further integration with international trade rules and easing market access”.

“We will also substantially open up the services sector, the financial sector in particular, and create a more attractive investment environment,” said Liu. “We will encourage both inbound and outbound investment and business activities as we seek greater economic and trade interactions with other countries and work with them toward an open world economy.”

Liu said after decades of development, a large middle-income population has emerged in China, the biggest in the world, giving rise to a vast domestic market. “This open market with a fast-growing middle-income population of 400 million will contribute significantly to global development,” said Liu.

Angel Gurria, secretary-general of the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, said he has pinned high hopes on China’s reform agenda, which is people-oriented to deliver a better life for millions. “Every year I have traveled to China two or three times, and I can tangibly feel the impacts of China’s reform agenda,” Gurria said. “I particularly feel impressed by China’s poverty-reduction efforts, which have year-by-year targets.”

Liu also said that China will continue with smarter, more targeted efforts to lift more people out of poverty after the number of rural residents living in poverty dropped from nearly 100 million to around 30 million in the past five years under Xi’s leadership.

SHANGHAI — Facial recognition, new media and big data are among the latest technologies Shanghai authorities are using to help vagrants and beggars return home.

On June 22, a senior citizen surnamed Liang was reunited with his family after losing contact over 20 years ago.

The 70 years old, suffering mental disease, was sent to a homeless shelter operated by Shanghai Civil Affairs Bureau on April 21.

After finding out his hometown was Luqiao district of Taizhou city in Zhejiang Province, the shelter published information on a popular news service app

Based on big data and due to the wide popularity of smart phones in China, the app sent the information to users in Luqiao.

On the same day, the shelter received a phone call from a woman who claimed that she could be Liang’s daughter but could not tell from the photo for sure. After doing DNA tests, they were confirmed as close relatives.

In February, the shelter received an elderly man who could not speak. However, by searching the records of his transport card they found the last subway station he had visited.

Through a people seeking website, the shelter sent the man’s information to people within a 10 kilometers radius of the subway station.

In mere 40 minutes, the man’s relatives contacted the shelter.

The shelter also uses facial recognition and finger print technologies to help identity vagrants and beggars. Facial recognition technology has been used since the beginning of this year.

In January, a senior who had been begging in Qingpu district was sent to the shelter. As his accent was very strong, employees found him difficult to understand and identify.

After several days, the shelter staff sent the man’s photo to the local public security bureau for facial recognition checks.

The police quickly received his information and contacted his family.

According to the civil affairs bureau, the shelter receives nearly 1,000 unidentified people every year. Thanks to modern technology, it has been able to help over 95 percent of them return home.

CHENGDU – Wang Yong’s ancestors moved to a precipitous cliff at an altitude of 1,600 meters in west China from south more than 300 years ago.

Named Shengli (Victory), the cliff village by the roaring Dadu River in Sichuan Province was a fabled land of peace. Such was its isolation that the village avoided involvement in many wars, but similarly avoided much involvement in commerce and fell into poverty.

With the Chinese government determined to end poverty by 2020, Shengli villagers have packed up and descended the mountain.


Chinese farmers can call anywhere home as long as they have land to grow something.

In the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty (1616-1912), Sichuan’s population had been reduced to 600,000, mainly due to war. The Kangxi government called on people, mainly from Hubei and Guangxi, to re-inhabit Sichuan’s empty spaces.

Wang’s ancestors came from Guangxi. Perhaps they trekked for a long time without finding a suitable place, so when they saw a flat piece of land halfway up a mountain, they decided to stay, said Wang, 43, Party secretary of Shengli Village.

For hundreds of years, they provided for themselves by growing corn and sweet potatoes. Rice was a rare luxury for villagers only to be eaten during important festivals.

Poultry farming helped a little, but the problem was carrying things down the mountain.

At least two villagers were needed to carry a single pig to market on their right shoulders because the cliff was on their left.

If the pig struggled, it would sometimes fall into the valley; otherwise the pig might win the struggle and throw us in, recalled Wang Anyou, Wang Yong’s father.

Even monkeys need to wear hiking boots in this mountain, he joked.

Villagers had to carry everything up the cliff from chopsticks to televisions.

Wang, 71, was a man of unusual strength when he was young. His old house on the cliff is still home to a table weighing around 80 kilograms which he carried up the cliff more than 20 years ago.

In addition to treacherous journeys up and down the mountain, villagers had to fight off wildlife which frequently damaged their crops.

Young villagers watched for monkeys in the daytime and chased away bears at night. Once a time, more than 100 crows ate up our corn very quickly. We were unable to do anything, said Wang.

Surrounded by towering mountains, Xiazhuang village sits in the bottom of valley at an altitude of 1,600 meters in Wushan county, Southwest China’s Chongqing municipality. The “sinkhole village” had long struggled against poverty until one day 398 villagers decided to carve out a mountain road on their own. In 2013, after six years, a winding road was completed, offering the villagers a new life. Local products such as watermelons, walnuts and tobacco discovered new customers outside the village thanks to the road. The road also opened a new path for the young: 23 got admitted to colleges after the road was built. [Photo/Xinhua]